Politics of Non-click languages: come on a journey into the undiscovered past

The non-click language families include 10 language families: 1. Indo-European: This family includes numerous languages spoken in Europe, South Asia, and other regions. Examples include English, Spanish, Hindi, Russian, and German. 2. Sino-Tibetan: This family includes languages spoken primarily in East Asia, particularly China and its neighboring countries. Examples include Mandarin, Cantonese, Tibetan, and Burmese. …

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Exploring African Ethical Systems: Common Values Across Diverse Cultures

In a recent experiment aimed at dispelling the misconception of Africa as a monolithic entity, I discovered that justice, morality, and character hold significant importance across various African traditional ethical systems, regardless of one’s religious affiliation. The experiment sought to shed light on the rich tapestry of ethical codes present in Africa. Before colonization, many …

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Pre-colonial Sub-Saharan Trade

Anti-slavery in Precolonial Africa

Also, it is important to clarify that in many African societies jails in the modern arrangement did not exist, so what today we call prisoners, some academics have lazily called slaves. In the absence of standalone jails, imprisonment as slaves was used to punish treason, murder, grievous bodily harm, rape or kidnapping.

The Kuba Kingdom

The Kuba kingdom of modern Democratic Republic of Congo was one of 22 literate societies that inhabited Africa during the last 5000 years. The Kuba kingdom existed from 1625 to 1884. The Kingdom of Kuba has evidence of human habitation before 1000 AD, including Paleolithic and Neolithic artifacts (source: “Art of the Lega,” by Elisabeth …

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Enslavement of Europeans

Using any available books or studies already published, I estimated the numerical estimates (with sources) for European people enslaved or used as forced labour during these periods of oppression, conflict or global changes. Between 10.2 million and 14.8 million Europeans have been enslaved or used as forced labour since 300 Bc. I don’t know every …

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Scientists - Isaac Newton -

Scientists who benefitted from the slave trade and uncredited contributions of slaves

In the 1700’s, science in the western world exploded at a frantic space. There were huge advancements in science, and many new technologies were discovered. However, in work published by Sam Kean in Science magazine, we find out that a lot of these advancements were achieved in part due to slaves. We discover that scientists …

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Nigerians Hausa Bride

Nigerians for those who don’t know

A few citizens of South Africa don’t know who Nigerians are. Although black South Africans suffered immensely due to racist ideas and racist oppression, I have observed that racism has become internalized by some, not all, South Africans and those individuals are unable to see greatness in others, only absurd stereotypes about Nigerians. So, allow …

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Why Study African History

Why study African History? Why is it important to learn about Africa’s history? Why is it important to teach history? Why Africa is important to the world? African History important is to the world and also important to Africa. Some people don’t know that modern humans emerged from Africa. They don’t know that 15 African …

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Slave Trade Hypocrisy

The Slave Trade in Black Africans

There are a lot of misconceptions about what happened during the Trans-Sahara slave trade and the Atlantic slave trade in black Africans, including how it began. Many people believe the slave trade in Africans began in 1619. In truth, we know that slavery itself began much earlier. Refer to the laws of Hammurabi as one …

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The Barghawata Confederacy

The Barghawata Confederacy were a small group of Berber Muslim tribes that banded into a confederacy for safety against their more ambitious neighbours. Their kingdom was based on the Atlantic coast of present-day Morocco. At first, they allied with the Masmuda confederacy, who were the owners of Morocco in the 8th century AD. Then in …

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Eight Christian Berber Kingdoms

The eight Christian Berber kingdoms are the states which emerged out of the Mauro-Roman kingdom. The Mauro-Roman kingdom was an independent Christian Berber kingdom located in present day Northern Algeria. It had its capital at the city of Altava and controlled the major portion of the ancient Roman province of Mauretania Caesariensis. This kingdom was …

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How human trafficking affects Africa today

If you think that slavery has been eradicated, think again. Modern-day slavery takes place in the form of human trafficking which involves forcing, pressuring or defrauding victims into labor or sexual exploitation.