Overview: Tunisia

Population
11,403,800 (July 2017 est.)

Urban: 68.9% of total Population (2018)
Rate of urbanization: 1.53% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Population growth: 1.01% (2017 est.)

Ethnic groups
Arab 98%, European 1%, Jewish and other 1%)

Languages
Arabic (official, one of the languages of commerce), French (commerce), Berber (Tamazight

Religions
Muslim (official; Sunni) 99.1%, other (includes Christian, Jewish, Shia Muslim, and Baha’i) 1%)

Age structure: 0-14 years: 25.15% (male 1,482,303/female 1,385,407); 15-24 years: 13.99% (male 805,376/female 790,119); 25-54 years: 43.38% (male 2,410,724/female 2,536,015); 55-64 years: 9.54% (male 543,865/female 543,642); 65 years and over: 7.95% (male 429,681/female 476,668) (2017 est.)

Dependency: Total dependency ratio: 45.6; youth dependency ratio: 34.5; elderly dependency ratio: 11.1; and potential support ratio: 9 (2015 est.)

Refugees and internally displaced persons: unknown.

Area: Total: 163,610 sq. km; land: 155,360 sq. km; water: 8,250 sq. km

Irrigated land: 4,590 sq. km (2012)

Physicians density
1.29 physicians/1,000 Population (2015)

Health expenditure: 7% of GDP (2014)

Education expenditure: 6.6% of GDP (2015)

Literacy
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 81.8%; Male: 89.6%; and female: 74.2% (2015 est.)

Government type
Parliamentary Republic

Drinking water stats
Improved: Urban: 100% of population; Rural: 93.2% of population; and Total: 97.7% of population

Unimproved: Urban: 0% of population; Rural: 6.8% of population; and Total: 2.3% of Population (2015 est.)

Administrative divisions
24 governorates (wilayat, singular – wilayah); Beja (Bajah), Ben Arous (Bin ‘Arus), Bizerte (Banzart), Gabes (Qabis), Gafsa (Qafsah), Jendouba (Jundubah), Kairouan (Al Qayrawan), Kasserine (Al Qasrayn), Kebili (Qibili), Kef (Al Kaf), L’Ariana (Aryanah), Mahdia (Al Mahdiyah), Manouba (Manubah), Medenine (Madanin), Monastir (Al Munastir), Nabeul (Nabul), Sfax (Safaqis), Sidi Bouzid (Sidi Bu Zayd), Siliana (Silyanah), Sousse (Susah), Tataouine (Tatawin), Tozeur (Tawzar), Tunis, Zaghouan (Zaghwan)

Constitution
History: latest approved by Constituent Assembly 26 January 2014, signed by the president, prime minister, and Constituent Assembly speaker 27 January 2014

Amendments: proposed by the president of the republic or by one-third of members of the Assembly of the Representatives of the People; following review by the Constitutional Court, approval to proceed requires an absolute majority vote by the Assembly and final passage requires a two-thirds majority vote by the Assembly

Legal system
Mixed legal system of civil law, based on the French civil code, and Islamic law; some judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court in joint session

Citizenship
Citizenship by birth: no
Citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Tunisia
Dual citizenship recognized: yes
Residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years

Legislative branch
Description: unicameral Assembly of the Representatives of the People or Majlis Nuwwab ash-Sha’b (Assemblee des representants du peuple) (217 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote; members serve 5-year terms

Elections: initial election held on 26 October 2014 (next to be held in 2019)

Election results: percent of vote by party – Call for Tunisia 37.6%, Ennahdha 27.8%, UPL 4.1%, Popular Front 3.6%, Afek Tounes 3.0%, CPR 2.1%, other 21.8%; seats by party – Call to Tunisia 86, Nahda 69, UPL 16, Popular Front 15, Afek Tounes 8, CPR 4, other 17, independent 2

Executive branch
Chief of state: President Beji CAID ESSEBSI (since 31 December 2014

Head of government: Prime Minister Youssef CHAHED (since 27 August 2016

Cabinet: selected by the prime minister and approved by the Assembly of the Representatives of the People

Elections/appointments: election last held on 23 November with a runoff on 21 December 2014 (next to be held in 2019

Election results: Beji CAID ESSEBSI elected president in second round; percent of vote – Beji CAID ESSEBSI (Call for Tunisia) 55.7%, Moncef MARZOUKI (CPR) 44.3%)

Judiciary Branch
Highest court(s): Court of Cassation or Cour de Cassation (organized into 1 civil and 3 criminal chambers); Constitutional Court (consists of 12 members

Judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court judges nominated by the SJC; judge tenure based on terms of appointment; Constitutional Court members appointed 3 each by the president of the republic, the Chamber of the People’s Deputies, and the SJC; members serve 9-year terms with one-third of the membership renewed every 3 years

Subordinate courts: Courts of Appeal; administrative courts; Court of Audit; Housing Court; courts of first instance; lower district courts; military courts

Exports commodities
Clothing, semi-finished goods, and textiles, agricultural products, mechanical goods, phosphates and chemicals, hydrocarbons, electrical equipment
Exports partners
France 32.1%, Italy 17.3%, Germany 12.4% (2017)

Imports commodities
Textiles, machinery, and equipment, hydrocarbons, chemicals, foodstuffs

Imports partners
Italy 15.8%, France 15.1%, China 9.2%, Germany 8.1%, Turkey 4.8%, Algeria 4.7%, Spain 4.5% (2017)

Electricity access
Electrification – total population: 100% (2016)

Internet users: Total: 5,665,242; and percent of population: 50.9% (July 2016 est.)

Source: CIA World Factbook

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