Overview: Senegal

Population
14,668,522 (July 2017 est.)

Urban: 47.2% of total Population (2018)
Rate of urbanization: 3.73% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Ethnic groups
Wolof 41.6%, Pular 28.1%, Serer 15.3%, Mandinka 5.4%, Jola 3.4%, Soninke 0.8%, other 5.4% (includes Europeans and persons of Lebanese descent) (2016 est.)

Languages
French (official), Wolof, Pular, Jola, Mandinka, Serer, Soninke

Religions
Muslim 96.1% (most adhere to one of the four main Sufi brotherhoods), Christian 3.6% (mostly Roman Catholic), animist 0.3% (2016 est.)

Age structure: 0-14 years: 41.51% (male 3,060,118/female 3,028,975); 15-24 years: 20.33% (male 1,486,393/female 1,496,393); 25-54 years: 31.19% (male 2,102,757/female 2,472,683); 55-64 years: 3.98% (male 251,673/female 332,113); 65 years and over: 2.98% (male 194,491/female 242,926) (2017 est.)

Dependency: Total dependency ratio: 85.4; youth dependency ratio: 79.8; elderly dependency ratio: 5.6; and potential support ratio: 18 (2015 est.)

Refugees and internally displaced persons:-
Refugees (country of origin): 13,683 (Mauritania) (2017)

IDPs: 22,000 (clashes between government troops and separatists in Casamance region) (2017)

Area: total: 196,722 sq km; land: 192,530 sq km; water: 4,192 sq km

Irrigated land: 1,200 sq km (2012)

Physicians density
0.07 physicians/1,000 Population (2016)

Health expenditure
4.7% of GDP (2014)

Drinking water stats
Improved: Urban: 92.9% of population; Rural: 67.3% of population; and Total: 78.5% of population

Unimproved: Urban: 7.1% of population; Rural: 32.7% of population; and Total: 21.5% of Population (2015 est.)

Education expenditure
7.1% of GDP (2015)

Literacy
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 57.7%; Male: 69.7%; and female: 46.6% (2015 est.)

Unemployment youth ages: Total: 5.3%; Male: 5.2; and female: 5.5 (2015 est.)

Government type
Presidential Republic

Administrative divisions
14 regions (regions, singular – region); Dakar, Diourbel, Fatick, Kaffrine, Kaolack, Kedougou, Kolda, Louga, Matam, Saint-Louis, Sedhiou, Tambacounda, Thies, Ziguinchor)

Constitution
History: previous 1959 (pre independence), 1963; latest adopted by referendum 7 January 2001, promulgated 22 January 2001

Amendments: passage requires Assembly approval and approval in a referendum; the president can bypass a referendum and submit an amendment directly to the Assembly, which requires at least three-fifths majority vote; the republican form of government is not amendable; amended several times, last in 2016 (2017)

Legal system
Civil law system based on French law; judicial review of legislative acts in Constitutional Court

Citizenship
Citizenship by birth: no
Citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Senegal
Dual citizenship recognized: no, but Senegalese citizens do not automatically lose their citizenship if they acquire citizenship in another state
Residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years

Legislative branch
Description: unicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (165 seats; 105 members including 15 representing Senegalese diaspora directly elected by plurality vote in single- and multi-seat constituencies and 60 members directly elected by proportional representation vote in single- and multi-seat constituencies

Elections: last held on 2 July 2017 (next to be held in July 2022

Election results: percent of vote by party/coalition – BBK 49.5%, CGWS 16.7%, MTS 11.7%, PUR 4.7%, CP-Kaddu Askan Wi 2%, other 15.4%; seats by party/coalition – BBY 125, CGWS 19, MTS 7, PUR 3, CP-Kaddu Askan Wi 2, other 9

Executive branch
Chief of state: President Macky SALL (since 2 April 2012

Head of government: Prime Minister Mohammed Abdallah Boun DIONNE (since 4 July 2014

Cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister in consultation with the president

Elections/appointments: election last held on 26 February 2012 with a runoff on 25 March 2012 (next to be held on 24 February 2019); prime minister appointed by the president

Election results: Macky SALL elected president in second round; percent of vote – Macky SALL (APR) 65.8%, Abdoulaye WADE (PDS) 34.2%)

Judiciary Branch
Highest court(s): Supreme Court or Cour Supreme (consists of the president and 12 judges and organized into civil and commercial, criminal, administrative, and social chambers); Constitutional Council or Conseil Constitutionel (consists of 7 members including the court president, vice president, and 5 judges

Judge selection and term of office: a body chaired by the president; judge tenure NA; Constitutional Council members appointed – 5 by the president and 2 by the National Assembly speaker to serve 6-year terms with the renewal of 2 members every 2 years

Subordinate courts: High Court of Justice (for crimes of high treason by the president); Courts of Appeal; Court of Auditors; assize courts; regional and district courts; Labor Court

Exports commodities
Fish, groundnuts (peanuts), petroleum products, phosphates, cotton

Exports partners
Mali 14.8%, Switzerland 11.4%, India 6%, Cote dIvoire 5.3%, UAE 5.1%, Gambia, The 4.2%, Spain 4.1% (2017)

Imports commodities
Food and beverages, capital goods, fuels

Imports partners
France 16.3%, China 10.4%, Nigeria 8%, India 7.2%, Netherlands 4.8%, Spain 4.2% (2017)

Electricity access
Population without electricity: 6,400,000
Electrification – total population: 55%)
Electrification – urban areas: 90%)
Electrification – rural areas: 28% (2013)

Internet users: Total: 3,675,209; and percent of population: 25.7% (July 2016 est.)

Source: CIA World Factbook