Overview: Morocco

Population: 33,986,655 (July 2017 est.)

Urban: 62.5% of total Population (2018)

Population growth: 0.97% (2017 est.)

Ethnic groups: Arab-Berber 99%, other 1%)

Languages: Arabic (official), Berber Languages, Tamazight (official), Tachelhit, Tarifit, French (often the language of business, government, and diplomacy

Religions: Muslim 99% (official; virtually all Sunni, <0.1% Shia), other 1% (includes Christian, Jewish, and Baha’i); note – Jewish about 6,000 (2010 est.)

Age structure: 0-14 years: 25.77% (male 4,450,360/female 4,308,955); 15-24 years: 17.04% (male 2,879,828/female 2,910,029); 25-54 years: 42.32% (male 6,956,186/female 7,428,129); 55-64 years: 8.13% (male 1,365,611/female 1,398,553); 65 years and over: 6.74% (male 1,034,188/female 1,254,816) (2017 est.)

Dependency: Total dependency ratio: 51.6; youth dependency ratio: 41.9; elderly dependency ratio: 9.7; and potential support ratio: 10.3 (2015 est.)

Refugees and internally displaced persons
NA

Area: Total: 446,550 sq. km; land: 446,300 sq. km; water: 250 sq. km

Irrigated land:14,850 sq km (2012)

Physicians density: 0.62 physicians/1,000 Population (2014)

Health expenditure: 5.9% of GDP (2014)

Drinking water stats:
Improved: Urban: 84.1% of population; Rural: 65.5% of population; and Total: 76.7% of population
Unimproved: Urban: 15.9% of population; Rural: 34.5% of population; and Total: 23.3% of Population (2015 est.)

Education expenditure: 5.3% of GDP (2009)

Literacy
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 68.5%; Male: 78.6%; and female: 58.8% (2015 est.)

Unemployment youth ages: Total: 19.9%; Male: 20.8%; and female: 17.7% (2014 est.)

Government type: parliamentary constitutional monarchy

Administrative divisions: 11 regions (recognized); Beni Mellal-Khenifra, Casablanca-Settat, Draa-Tafilalet, Fes-Meknes, Guelmim-Oued Noun, Laayoune-Sakia al Hamra, Oriental, Marrakech-Safi, Rabat-Sale-Kenitra, Souss-Massa, Tanger-Tetouan-Al Hoceima
note: Morocco claims the territory of Western Sahara, the political status of which is considered undetermined by the US Government; portions of the regions Guelmim-Oued Noun and Laayoune-Sakia al Hamra as claimed by Morocco lie within Western Sahara; Morocco also claims a 12th region, Dakhla-Oued ed Dahab, that falls entirely within Western Sahara)

Constitution
History: several previous; latest drafted 17 June 2011, approved by referendum 1 July 2011; note – sources disagree on whether the 2011 referendum was for a new constitution or for reforms to the previous constitution

Amendments: proposed by the king, by the prime minister, or by members in either chamber of Parliament; passage requires at least two-thirds majority vote by both chambers and approval in a referendum; the king can opt to submit self-initiated proposals directly to a referendum (2016)

Legal system: Mixed legal system of civil law based on French law and Islamic law; judicial review of legislative acts by Constitutional Court

Citizenship
Citizenship by birth: no
Citizenship by descent only: the father must be a citizen of Morocco; if the father is unknown or stateless, the mother must be a citizen
Dual citizenship recognized: yes
Residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years

Legislative branch
Description: bicameral Parliament consists of:
Chamber of Advisors (120 seats; members indirectly elected by an electoral college of local councils, professional organizations, and labor unions; members serve 6-year terms
Chamber of Representatives (395 seats; 305 members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote and 90 directly elected in a single nationwide constituency by proportional representation vote; members serve 5-year terms); note – in the national constituency, 60 seats are reserved for women and 30 reserved for those under age 40

Elections: Chamber of Advisors – last held on 2 October 2015 (next to be held in fall 2021
Chamber of Representatives – last held on 7 October 2016 (next to be held in fall 2021

Election results: Chamber of Advisors – percent of vote by party – NA; seats by party – NA
Chamber of Representatives – percent of vote by party NA; seats by party – PJD 125, PAM 102, PI 46, RNI 37, MP 27, USFP 20, UC 19, PPS 12, MDS 3, other 4

Executive branch
Chief of state: King MOHAMMED VI (since 30 July 1999

Head of government: Prime Minister Saad-Eddine al-OTHMANI (since 17 March 2017)
Cabinet: Council of Ministers chosen by the prime minister in consultation with Parliament and appointed by the monarch

Elections/appointments: the monarchy is hereditary; prime minister appointed by the monarch from the majority party following legislative elections

Judiciary Branch
Highest court(s): Supreme Court or Court of Cassation (consists of 5-judge panels organized into civil, family matters, commercial, administrative, social, and criminal sections); Constitutional Court (consists of 12 members

Judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court judges appointed by the Superior Council of Judicial Power, a 20-member body presided by the monarch and including the Supreme Court president, the prosecutor general, representatives of the appeals and first instance courts – among them 1 woman magistrate, the president of the National Council of the Rights of Man, and 5 “notable persons” appointed by the monarch; judges appointed for life; Constitutional Court members – 6 designated by the monarch and 6 elected by Parliament; court president appointed by the monarch from among the court members; members serve 9-year non-renewable terms

Subordinate courts: courts of appeal; High Court of Justice; administrative and commercial courts; regional and sadad courts (for religious, civil and administrative, and penal adjudication); first instance courts

Exports commodities: clothing and textiles, automobiles, electric components, inorganic chemicals, transistors, crude minerals, fertilizers (including phosphates), petroleum products, citrus fruits, vegetables, fish.

Exports partners: Spain 23.2%, France 22.6%, Italy 4.5%, US 4.2% (2017)

Imports commodities: machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, chemicals, wood products, fuels)

Imports partners: crude petroleum, textile fabric, telecommunications equipment, wheat, gas and electricity, transistors, plastics

Electricity access:
Population without electricity: 400,000
Electrification – total population: 98.9%)
Electrification – urban areas: 100%)
Electrification – rural areas: 97.4% (2013)

Internet users: total: 19,611,643; and percent of population: 58.3% (July 2016 est.)

Source: CIA World Factbook

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