Overview: Mali

Population: 17,885,245 (July 2017 est.)

Population distribution: The overwhelming majority of the population lives in the southern half of the country, with greater density along the border with Burkina Faso

Population growth: 3.02% (2017 EST)

Ethnic groups: Bambara 34.1%, Fulani (Peul) 14.7%, Sarakole 10.8%, Senufo 10.5%, Dogon 8.9%, Malinke 8.7%, Bobo 2.9%, Songhai 1.6%, Tuareg 0.9%, other Malian 6.1%, from member of Economic Community of West African States 0.3%, other 0.4% (2012-13 est.)

Languages: French (official), Bambara 46.3%, Peul/Foulfoulbe 9.4%, Dogon 7.2%, Maraka/Soninke 6.4%, Malinke 5.6%, Sonrhai/Djerma 5.6%, Minianka 4.3%, Tamacheq 3.5%, Senoufo 2.6%, Bobo 2.1%, unspecified 0.7%, other 6.3%)
note: Mali has 13 national languages in addition to its official language (2009 est.)

Religions: Muslim 94.8%, Christian 2.4%, Animist 2%, none 0.5%, unspecified 0.3% (2009 est.)

Age structure: 0-14 years: 48.17% (male 4,330,370/female 4,285,171); 15-24 years: 18.84% (male 1,604,914/female 1,765,479); 25-54 years: 26.26% (male 2,171,171/female 2,525,109); 55-64 years: 3.7% (male 335,023/female 326,910); 65 years and over: 3.03% (male 270,856/female 270,242) (2017 est.)

Dependency: Total dependency ratio: 101.9; youth dependency ratio: 96.8; elderly dependency ratio: 5.1; and potential support ratio: 19.5 (2015 est.)

Refugees and internally displaced persons:-
Refugees (country of origin): 15,319 (Mauritania) (2018)

IDPs: 75,351 (Tuareg rebellion since 2012) (2018)

Area: Total: 1,240,192 sq. km; land: 1,220,190 sq. km; water: 20,002 sq. km

Irrigated land: 3,780 sq km (2012)

Physicians density: 0.09 physicians/1,000 Population

Health expenditure: 5.6% of GDP (2014)

Drinking water stats:
Improved: Urban: 96.5% of population; Rural: 64.1% of population; and Total: 77% of population
Unimproved: Urban: 3.5% of population; Rural: 35.9% of population; and Total: 23% of Population (2015 est.)

Education expenditure: 3.8% of GDP (2008

Definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 33.1%; Male: 45.1%; and female: 22.2% (2015 est.)

Unemployment youth ages: Total: 30.5%; Male: 29.6%; and female: 31.3% (2016 est.)

Government type: Semi-presidential republic

Administrative divisions: 8 regions (regions, singular – region), 1 district*; District de Bamako*, Gao, Kayes, Kidal, Koulikoro, Mopti, Segou, Sikasso, Tombouctou (Timbuktu); note – two new regions, Menaka and Taoudenni, were reportedly created in early 2016, but these have not yet been vetted by the US Board on Geographic Names)

History: several previous; latest drafted August 1991, approved by referendum 12 January 1992, effective 25 February 1992, suspended briefly in 2012

Amendments: roposed by the president of the republic or by members of the National Assembly; passage requires two-thirds majority vote by the Assembly and approval in a referendum; constitutional sections on the integrity of the state, its republican and secular form of government, and its multiparty system cannot be amended; amended 1999 (2017)

Legal system: Civil law system based on the French civil law model and influenced by customary law; judicial review of legislative acts in the Constitutional Court

Citizenship by birth: no
Citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Mali
Dual citizenship recognized: yes
Residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years

Legislative branch
Description: unicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (147 seats; members directly elected in single and multi-seat constituencies by absolute majority vote in 2 rounds if needed; 13 seats reserved for citizens living abroad; members serve 5-year terms

Elections: last held on 24 November and 15 December 2013 (next to be held in 2018

Election results: percent of vote by party – NA; seats by party – RPM 66, URD 17, ADEMA 16, FARE 6, CODEM 5, SADI 5, CNID 4, other 24, independent 4

Executive branch
Chief of state: President Ibrahim Boubacar KEITA (since 4 September 2013

Head of government: Prime Minister Soumeylou Boubeye MAIGA (since 31 December 2017

Cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister

Elections/appointments: president directly elected by absolute majority popular vote in 2 rounds if needed for a 5-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 29 July 2018 with a runoff on 12 August 2018; prime minister appointed by the president

Election results: Ibrahim Boubacar KEITA elected president in second round; percent of vote – Ibrahim Boubacar KEITA (RPM) 77.6%, Soumaila CISSE (URD) 22.4%)

Judiciary Branch
Highest court(s): Supreme Court or Cour Supreme (consists of 19 members organized into 3 civil chambers and a criminal chamber); Constitutional Court (consists of 9 members

Judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court members appointed by the Ministry of Justice to serve 5-year terms; Constitutional Court members selected – 3 each by the president, the National Assembly, and the Supreme Council of the Magistracy; members serve single renewable 7-year terms

Subordinate courts: Court of Appeal; High Court of Justice (jurisdiction limited to cases of high treason or criminal offenses by the president or ministers while in office); magistrate courts; first instance courts; labor dispute courts; special court of state security

Exports commodities: cotton, gold, livestock.

Exports partners: Switzerland 31.8%, UAE 15.4%, Burkina Faso 7.8%, Cote dIvoire 7.3%, South Africa 5%, Bangladesh 4.6% (2017)

Imports commodities: petroleum, machinery and equipment, construction materials, foodstuffs, textiles)

Imports partners: Senegal 24.4%, China 13.2%, Cote dIvoire 9%, France 7.3% (2017)

Electricity access:
Population without electricity: 11,400,000
Electrification – total population: 26%)
Electrification – urban areas: 53%)
Elctrification – rural areas: 9% (2013)

Internet users: total: 1,940,978; and percent of population: 11.1% (July 2016 est.)

Source: CIA World Factbook

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