Overview: Liberia

Population: 4,689,021 (July 2017 est.)

Urban: 51.2% of total Population (2018)

Population growth: 2.5% (2017 EST)

Ethnic groups: Kpelle 20.3%, Bassa 13.4%, Grebo 10%, Gio 8%, Mano 7.9%, Kru 6%, Lorma 5.1%, Kissi 4.8%, Gola 4.4%, other 20.1% (2008 Census)

Languages: English 20% (official), some 20 ethnic group languages few of which can be written or used in correspondence

Religions: Christian 85.6%, Muslim 12.2%, Traditional 0.6%, other 0.2%, none 1.4% (2008 Census

Age structure: 0-14 years: 43.82% (male 1,038,452/female 1,016,491); 15-24 years: 19.56% (male 457,806/female 459,289); 25-54 years: 30.33% (male 699,879/female 722,244); 55-64 years: 3.43% (male 82,616/female 78,003); 65 years and over: 2.86% (male 65,979/female 68,262) (2017 est.)

Dependency: Total dependency ratio: 83.2; youth dependency ratio: 77.6; elderly dependency ratio: 5.5; and potential support ratio: 18.1 (2015 est.)

Refugees and internally displaced persons:-
Refugees (country of origin): 9,466 (Cote d’Ivoire) (2018)

IDPs: up to 23,000 (civil war from 1990-2004; post-election violence in March and April 2011; many dwell in slums in Monrovia) (2014)

Area: Total: 111,369 sq. km; land: 96,320 sq. km; water: 15,049 sq. km

Irrigated land: 30 sq km (2012)

Physicians density:0.02 physicians/1,000 Population
2010)

Health expenditure: 10% of GDP (2014)

Drinking water stats:
Improved: Urban: 88.6% of population; Rural: 62.6% of population; and Total: 75.6% of population
Unimproved: Urban: 11.4% of population; Rural: 37.4% of population; and Total: 24.4% of Population (2015 est.)

Education expenditure: 2.8% of GDP (2012)

Literacy
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 47.6%; Male: 62.4%; and female: 32.8% (2015 est.)

Unemployment youth ages: Total: 3.3%; Male: 2.5%; and female: 4.1% (2010 est.)

Government type: presidential republic

Administrative divisions: 15 counties; Bomi, Bong, Gbarpolu, Grand Bassa, Grand Cape Mount, Grand Gedeh, Grand Kru, Lofa, Margibi, Maryland, Montserrado, Nimba, River Cess, River Gee, Sinoe)

Constitution
History: previous 1847 (at independence); latest drafted 19 October 1983, revised version adopted by referendum 3 July 1984, effective 6 January 1986
Amendments: proposed by agreement of at least two-thirds of both National Assembly houses or by petition of at least 10,000 citizens; passage requires at least two-thirds majority approval of both houses and approval in a referendum by at least two-thirds majority of registered voters; amended 2011; note – a series of amendment proposals approved by the Constitution Review Conference in early 2015 are pending a referendum ahead of October 2017 elections (2017)

Legal system
Mixed legal system of common law (based on Anglo-American law) and customary law

Citizenship
Citizenship by birth: no
Citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Liberia
Dual citizenship recognized: no
Residency requirement for naturalization: 2 years

Legislative branch
Description: bicameral National Assembly consists of:
The Liberian Senate (30 seats; members directly elected in 15 2-seat districts by simple majority vote to serve 9-year staggered terms; each district elects 1 senator and elects the second senator 3 years later, followed by a 6-year hiatus, after which the first Senate seat is up for election

House of Representatives (73 seats; members directly elected in single-seat districts by simple majority vote to serve 6-year terms; eligible for a second term

Elections: Senate – last held on 20 December 2014 (originally scheduled for 14 October 2014 but postponed due to Ebola-virus epidemic; next to be held in October 2020
House of Representatives – last held on 10 October 2017 (next to be held in October 2023

Election results: Senate – percent of vote by party – CDC 29.8%, UP 10.3%, LP 11.5%, NPP 6.1%, PUP 4.9%, ANC 4.2%, NDC 1.3%, other 7.6%, independent 24.3%; seats by party – UP 4, CDC 2, LP 2, ANC 1, NDC 1, NPP 1, PUP 1, independent 3
House of Representatives – percent of vote by party/coalition – Coalition for Democratic Change 15.6%, UP 14%, LP 8.7%, ANC 6.1%, PUP 5.9%, ALP 5.1%, MDR 3.4%, other 41.2%; seats by party/coalition – Coalition for Democratic Change 21, UP 19, PUP 5, LP 3, ALP 3, MDR 2, independent 12, other 6, vacant 2

Executive branch
Chief of state: President George WEAH (since 22 January 2018); Vice President Jewel TAYLOR (since 22 January 2018); note – the president is both chief of state and head of government

Head of government: President George WEAH (since 22 January 2018); Vice President Jewel Taylor (since 22 January 2018

Cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president, confirmed by the Senate

Elections/appointments: president directly elected by absolute majority popular vote in 2 rounds if needed for a 6-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 10 October 2017 with a run-off on 26 December 2017); the runoff originally scheduled for 7 November 2017 was been halted pending a ruling on fraud allegations, which the Supreme Court dismissed

Election results: George WEAH elected president in second round; percent of vote in first round – George WEAH (Coalition for Democratic Change) 38.4%, Joseph BOAKAI (UP) 28.8%, Charles BRUMSKINE (LP) 9.6%, Prince JOHNSON (MDR) 8.2%, Alexander B. CUMMINGS (ANC) 7.2%, other 7.8%; percentage of vote in second round – George WEAH 61.5%, Joseph BOAKAI 38.5%)

Judiciary Branch
Highest court(s): Supreme Court (consists of a chief justice and 4 associate justices); note – the Supreme Court has jurisdiction for all constitutional cases

Judge selection and term of office: chief justice and associate justices appointed by the president of Liberia with consent of the Senate; judges can serve until age 70

Subordinate courts: judicial circuit courts; special courts including criminal, civil, labor, traffic; magistrate and traditional or customary courts

Exports commodities: rubber, timber, iron, diamonds, cocoa, coffee

Exports partners: Germany 36.2%, Switzerland 14.2%, UAE 8.8%, US 6.8%, Indonesia 4.7% (2017)
Imports commodities: fuels, chemicals, machinery, transportation equipment, manufactured goods; foodstuffs)

Imports partners: Singapore 29.8%, China 24.4%, South Korea 17.5%, Japan 9.4% (2017)

Electricity access:
Population without electricity: 3,900,000
Electrification – total population: 10%)
Electrification – urban areas: 17%)
Electrification – rural areas: 3% (2013)

Internet users: Total: 314,717; and percent of population: 7.3% (July 2016 est.)

Source: CIA World Factbook

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