Overview: Guinea

Population: 12,413,867 (July 2017 est.)

Urban: 36.1% of total Population (2018)

Population growth: 2.61% (2017 EST)

Ethnic groups: Fulani (Peul) 32.1%, Malinke 29.8%, Susu 19.8%, Guerze 6.2%, Kissi 4.7%, Toma 2.8%, other/no answer 4.6% (2012 est.)

Languages: French (official
Note: each ethnic group has its own language

Religions: Muslim 86.2%, Christian 9.7%, animist/other/none 4.1% (2012 est.)

Age structure: 0-14 years: 41.52% (male 2,603,506/female 2,550,714); 15-24 years: 19.73% (male 1,236,092/female 1,212,936); 25-54 years: 30.59% (male 1,905,249/female 1,892,638); 55-64 years: 4.48% (male 266,848/female 289,697); 65 years and over: 3.67% (male 201,598/female 254,589) (2017 est.)

Dependency: Total dependency ratio: 84.2; youth dependency ratio: 78.6; elderly dependency ratio: 5.6; and potential support ratio: 17.8 (2015 est.)

Physicians density: 0.08 physicians/1,000 Population (2016)

Health expenditure: 5.6% of GDP (2014)

Education expenditure: 2.4% of GDP (2014)

Definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 30.4%; Male: 38.1%; and female: 22.8% (2015 est.)

Unemployment youth ages: Total: 1%; Male: 1.5%; and female: 0.6% (2012 est.)

Government type:
Presidential republic

Drinking water stats:
Improved: Urban: 92.7% of population; Rural: 67.4% of population; and Total: 76.8% of population
Unimproved: Urban: 7.3% of population; Rural: 32.6% of population; and Total: 23.2% of Population (2015 est.)

Administrative divisions: 7 regions administrative and 1 gouvenorat*; Boke, Conakry*, Faranah, Kankan, Kindia, Labe, Mamou, N’Zerekore)

History: previous 1958, 1990; latest promulgated 19 April 2010, approved 7 May 2010

Amendments: proposed by the National Assembly or by the president of the republic; consideration of proposals requires approval by simple majority vote by the Assembly; passage requires approval in referendum; the president can opt to submit amendments directly to the Assembly, in which case approval requires at least two-thirds majority vote (2017)

Legal system: Civil law system based on the French model

Citizenship by birth: no
Citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Guinea
Dual citizenship recognized: no
Residency requirement for naturalization: Na

Legislative branch
Description: unicameral People’s National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale Populaire (114 seats; 76 members directly elected in a single nationwide constituency by proportional representation vote and 38 directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote; members serve 5-year terms

Elections: last held on 28 September 2013 (next to be held in late 2018

Election results: percent of vote by party – NA; seats by party – RPG 53, UFDG 37, UFR 10, PEDN 2, UPG 2, other 10

Executive branch
Chief of state: President Alpha CONDE (since 21 December 2010

Head of government: Prime Minister Ibrahima FOFANA (since 22 May 2018

Cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president

Elections/appointments: president directly elected by absolute majority popular vote in 2 rounds if needed for a 5-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 11 October 2015 (next to be held in 2020); prime minister appointed by the president

Election results: Alpha CONDE reelected president in the first round; percent of vote – Alpha CONDE (RPG) 57.8%, Cellou Dalein DIALLO (UFDG) 31.4%, other 10.8%)

Judiciary Branch
Highest court(s): Supreme Court or Cour Supreme (organized into Administrative Chamber and Civil, Penal, and Social Chamber; court consists of the first president, 2 chamber presidents, at least 4 councilors, the solicitor general, and NA deputies); Constitutional Court (consists of 9 members

Judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court first president appointed by the national president after consultation with the National Assembly; other members appointed by presidential decree; members serve until age 65; Constitutional Court member appointments – 2 by the National Assembly and the president of the republic, 3 experienced judges designated by their peers, 1 experienced lawyer, 1 university professor with expertise in public law designated by peers, and 2 experienced representatives of the Independent National Institution of Human Rights; members serve single 9-year terms

Subordinate courts: includes Court of Appeal or Cour d’Appel; courts of first instance or Tribunal de Premiere Instance; High Court of Justice or Cour d’Assises; labor court; military tribunal; justices of the peace; specialized courts

Exports commodities: bauxite, gold, diamonds, coffee, fish, agricultural products

Exports partners: China 35.8%, Ghana 20.1%, UAE 11.6%, India 4.3% (2017)

Imports commodities: petroleum products, metals, machinery, transport equipment, textiles, grain, and other foodstuffs)

Imports partners: Netherlands 17.2%, China 13.2%, India 11.8%, Belgium 10%, France 6.9%, UAE 4.5% (2017)

Electricity access:
Population without electricity: 8,700,000
Electrification – total population: 26%)
Electrification – urban areas: 53%)
Electrification – rural areas: 11% (2013)

Internet users: Total: 1,185,148; and percent of population: 9.8% (July 2016 est.)

Source: CIA World Factbook

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