Overview: Equatorial Guinea

Population
778,358 (July 2017 est.)

Urban: 72.1% of total Population (2018)

Population growth: 2.44% (2017 EST)

Ethnic groups
Fang 85.7%, Bubi 6.5%, Mdowe 3.6%, Annobon 1.6%, Bujeba 1.1%, other 1.4% (1994 census

Languages
Spanish (official) 67.6%, other (includes French (official), Fang, Bubi) 32.4% (1994 census

Religions
nominally Christian and predominantly Roman Catholic, pagan practices

Age structure: 0-14 years: 39.81% (male 157,388/female 152,469); 15-24 years: 19.72% (male 78,145/female 75,348); 25-54 years: 32.15% (male 125,108/female 125,096); 55-64 years: 4.37% (male 14,676/female 19,349); 65 years and over: 3.95% (male 12,808/female 17,971) (2017 est.)

Dependency: Total dependency ratio: 67.5; youth dependency ratio: 62.7; elderly dependency ratio: 4.8; and potential support ratio: 20.6 (2015 est.)

Refugees and internally displaced persons – N/A

Area: total: 28,051 sq. km; land: 28,051 sq. km; water: 0 sq. km

Irrigated land: 28,050 sq km

Physicians density
0.3 physicians/1,000 Population
2004

Health expenditure: 3.8% of GDP (2014)

Drinking water stats:
Improved: Urban: 72.5% of population; Rural: 31.5% of population; and Total: 47.9% of population
Unimproved: Urban: 27.5% of population; Rural: 68.5% of population; and Total: 52.1% of Population (2015 est.)

Education expenditure: 0.72% of GDP (2002

Literacy
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 95.3%; Male: 97.4%; and female: 93% (2015 est.)

Unemployment youth ages: N/A

Government type
Presidential republic

Administrative divisions: 7 provinces (provincias, singular – provincia); Annobon, Bioko Norte, Bioko Sur, Centro Sur, Kie-Ntem, Litoral, Wele-Nzas)

Constitution
History: previous 1968, 1973, 1982; approved by referendum 17 November 1991

Amendments: proposed by the president of the republic or supported by three-fourths of the membership in either house of the National Assembly; passage requires three-fourths majority vote by both houses of the Assembly and approval in a referendum if requested by the president; amended several times, last in 2012 (2017)

Legal system: Mixed system of civil and customary law

Citizenship
Citizenship by birth: no
Citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Equatorial Guinea
Dual citizenship recognized: no
Residency requirement for naturalization: 10 years

Legislative branch
Description: bicameral National Assembly or Asemblea Nacional consists of:
Senate or Senado (70 seats; 55 members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by closed party-list proportional representation vote and 15 appointed by the president
Chamber of Deputies or Camara de los Diputados (100 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by closed paryt-list proportional representation vote to serve 5-year terms

Elections: Senate – last held on 12 November 2017 (next to be held in 2022
Chamber of Deputies – last held on 12 November 2017 (next to be held in 2022

Election results: Senate – percent of vote by party – NA; seats by party – PDGE 75
Chamber of Deputies – percent of vote by party – NA; seats by party – PDGE 99, CI 1

Executive branch
Chief of state: President Brig. Gen. (Ret.) Teodoro OBIANG Nguema Mbasogo (since 3 August 1979 when he seized power in a military coup); Vice President Teodoro OBIANG Nguema Mangue(since 2012

Head of government: Prime Minister Francisco Pascual Eyegue OBAMA Asue (since 23 June 2016); First Deputy Prime Minister Clemente Engonga NGUEMA Onguene (since 23 June 2016); Second Deputy Prime Minister Andres Jorge Mbomio Nsem ABUA (since 23 June 2016); Third Deputy Prime Minister Alfonso Nsue MOKUY (since 23 June 2016

Cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president

Elections/appointments: president directly elected by simple majority popular vote for a 7-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 24 April 2016 (next to be held in 2023); prime minister and deputy prime ministers appointed by the president

Election results: Teodoro OBIANG Nguema Mbasogo reelected president; percent of vote – Teodoro OBIANG Nguema Mbasogo (PDGE) 93.5%, other 6.5%)

Judiciary Branch
Highest court(s): Supreme Court of Justice (consists of the chief justice – who is also chief of state – and 9 judges and organized into civil, criminal, commercial, labor, administrative, and customary sections); Constitutional Court (consists of the court president and 4 members

Judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court judges appointed by the president for 5-year terms; Constitutional Court members appointed by the president, 2 of which are nominated by the Chamber of Deputies

Subordinate courts: Court of Guarantees; military courts; Courts of Appeal; first instance tribunals; district and county tribunals

Exports commodities
petroleum products, timber

Exports partners: China 28%, India 11.8%, South Korea 10.3%, Portugal 8.7%, US 6.9%, Spain 4.9% (2017)

Imports commodities:petroleum sector equipment, other equipment, construction materials, vehicles

Imports partners: Spain 20.5%, China 19.4%, US 13%, Cote dIvoire 6.2%, Netherlands 4.7% (2017)

Electricity access:
population without electricity: 300,000
Electrification – total population: 66%)
Ectrification – urban areas: 93%)
Electrification – rural areas: 48% (2013)

Internet users: Total: 180,597; and percent of population: 23.8% (July 2016 est.)

Source: CIA World Factbook

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