Overview: Djibouti

865,267 (July 2017 est.)

Urban: 77.8% of Total Population (2018)

Population growth:2.16% (2017 EST.).

Ethnic groups
Somali 60%, Afar 35%, other 5% (includes French, Arab, Ethiopian, and Italian)

French (official), Arabic (official), Somali, Afar

Muslim 94%, Christian 6%)

Age structure: 0-14 years: 31.14% (Male 135,151/Female 134,312); 15-24 years: 21.32% (Male 86,820/Female 97,656); 25-54 years: 39.03% (Male 140,242/Female 197,484); 55-64 years: 4.75% (Male 18,593/Female 22,515); 65 years and over: 3.76% (Male 14,559/Female 17,935) (2017 EST.); 65 years and over: 2.67% (Male 941,926/Female 1,281,827) (2017 est.)

Dependency: Total dependency ratio: 56.5; youth dependency ratio: 50.1; elderly dependency ratio: 6.4; and potential support ratio: 15.6 (2015 est.)

Refugees and internally displaced persons:-
Refugees (Country of origin): 19,636 (Yemen) (2017); 12,139 (Somalia) (2018)

Area: total: 23,200 sq km; land: 23,180 sq km; water: 20 sq km

Irrigated land: 10 sq km (2012)

Health expenditure: 10.6% of GDP (2014)

Drinking water stats
Improved: Urban: 97.4% of population; Rural: 64.7% of population; and Total: 90% of population

Unimproved: Urban: 2.6% of population; Rural: 35.3% of population; and Total: 10% of Population (2015 est.)

Education expenditure: 4.5% of GDP (2010)

Literacy (School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):: Total: 6 years; Male: 7 years; and female: 6 years (2011)

Unemployment youth ages: 15-24 high rates of illiteracy, unemployment,

Government type: Semi-presidential republic

Administrative divisions: 6 districts (cercles, singular – cercle); Ali Sabieh, Arta, Dikhil, Djibouti, Obock, Tadjourah)

History: Approved by referendum 4 September 1992

Amendments: Proposed by the president of the republic or by the National Assembly; Assembly consideration of proposals requires assent by at least one-third of the membership; passage requires a simple majority vote by the Assembly and approval by simple majority vote in a referendum; the president can opt to bypass a referendum if adopted by at least two-thirds majority vote of the Assembly; constitutional articles on the sovereignty of Djibouti, its republican form of government, and its pluralist form of democracy cannot by amended; amended 2006, 2008, 2010 (2017)

Legal system
Mixed legal system based primarily on the French civil code (as it existed in 1997), Islamic religious law (in matters of family law and successions), and customary law

Citizenship by birth: No
Citizenship by descent only: The mother must be a citizen of Djibouti
Dual citizenship recognized: No
Residency requirement for naturalization: 10 years

Legislative branch
Description: Unicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale, formerly the Chamber of Deputies (65 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by party list proportional representation vote; members serve 5-year terms
Last held on 23 February 2018 (next to be held in February 2023

Election results: Percent of vote by party – NA; seats by party

Executive branch
Chief of state: President Ismail Omar GUELLEH (since 8 May 1999)

Head of government: Prime Minister Abdoulkader Kamil MOHAMED (since 1 April 2013

Cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister

Elections/appointments: President directly elected by absolute majority popular vote in 2 rounds if needed for a 5-year term; election last held on 8 April 2016 (next to be held by 2021); prime minister appointed by the president

Election results: Ismail Omar GUELLEH reelected president for a fourth term; percent of vote –

Judiciary Branch
Highest court(s): Supreme Court or Cour Supreme (consists of NA magistrates); Constitutional Council (consists of 6 magistrates

Judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court magistrates appointed by the president with the advice of the Superior Council of the Magistracy or CSM, a 10-member body consisting of 4 judges, 3 members (non parliamentarians and judges) appointed by the president, and 3 appointed by the National Assembly president or speaker; magistrates appointed for life with retirement at age 65; Constitutional Council magistrate appointments – 2 by the president of the republic, 2 by the president of the National Assembly, and 2 by the CSM; magistrates appointed for 8-year, non-renewable terms

Subordinate courts: High Court of Appeal; 5 Courts of First Instance; customary courts; State Court (replaced sharia courts in 2003

Exports commodities
Re-exports, hides and skins, scrap metal.)

Exports partners
Ethiopia 38.8%, Somalia 17.1%, Qatar 9.1%, Brazil 8.9%, Yemen 4.9%, US 4.6% (2017)

Imports commodities
Foods, beverages, transport equipment, chemicals, petroleum products, clothing

Imports partners
UAE 25%, France 15.2%, Saudi Arabia 11%, China 9.6%, Ethiopia 6.8%, Yemen 4.6% (2017)

Electricity access:
Population without electricity: 400,000
Electrification – Total population: 50%)
Electrification – Urban areas: 61%)
Electrification – Rural areas: 14% (2013)
Electricity – production: 405 million,8 kWh (2015 est.)
Electricity – consumption: 376.7 million kWh (2015 est.)
Electricity – exports: 0 kWh (2016 est.)
Electricity – imports: 0 kWh (2015 EST.)
Electricity – installed generating capacity: 130,000kW (2015 est.)
Electricity – from fossil fuels: 100% of Total installed capacity (2015 est.)
Electricity – from nuclear fuels: 0% of Total installed capacity (2015 est.)
Electricity – from hydroelectric plants: 0% of Total installed capacity (2015 est.)
Electricity – from other renewable sources: 0% of Total installed capacity (2015 est.)

Internet users: Total: 111,212; and percent of population: 13.1% (July 2016 EST.)

Source: CIA World Factbook

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