Overview: Cote D’Ivoire

Population
24,184,810

Urban: 50.8% of Total Population (2018)

Population growth: 1.84% (2017 EST.).

Ethnic groups
Akan 28.8%, Voltaique or Gur 16.1%, Northern Mande 14.5%, Kru 8.5%, Southern Mande 6.9%, unspecified 0.9%, non-Ivoirian 42.3% (2014 est.)

Languages
French (official), 60 native dialects of which Dioula is the most widely spoken

Religions
Muslim 42.9%, Catholic 17.2%, Evangelical 11.8%, Methodist 1.7%, other Christian 3.2%, animist 3.6%, other religion 0.5%, none 19.1%)

Age structure: 0-14 years: 36.97% (Male 4,508,541/Female 4,431,979); 15-24 years: 20.91% (Male 2,549,588/Female 2,508,317); 25-54 years: 34.58% (Male 4,272,294/Female 4,090,997); 55-64 years: 4.04% (Male 490,918/Female 486,702); 65 years and over: 3.5% (Male 403,757/Female 441,717) (2017 est.)

Dependency: Total dependency ratio: 97.5: Total dependency ratio: 83.8; youth dependency ratio: 78.5; elderly dependency ratio: 5.3; and potential support ratio: 18.9 (2015 est.)

Refugees and internally displaced persons:-
Refugees (Country of origin): Unknown

IDPs: 16,000 (post-election conflict in 2010-11, as well as civil war from 2002-04; most pronounced in western and southwestern regions) (2017)

stateless persons: 692,000 (2017); Note – Many Ivoirians lack documentation proving their nationality, which prevents them from accessing education and healthcare; birth on Ivorian soil does not automatically result in citizenship;

Area: total: 322,463 sq km; land: 318,003 sq km; water: 4,460 sq km

Irrigated Land: 730 sq km (2012)

Health expenditure: 5.7% of GDP (2014)

Drinking water stats
Improved: Urban: 93.1% of population; Rural: 68.8% of population; and Total: 81.9% of population

Unimproved: Urban: 6.9% of population; Rural: 31.2% of population; and Total: 18.1% of Population (2015 est.)

Education expenditure: 4.8% of GDP (2015)

Literacy
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 43.1%; Male: 53.1%; and female: 32.5% (2015 est.)

Unemployment youth ages(15-24; Male: 2.8%; and female: 5.1% (2012 EST.)

Government type
Presidential republic

Administrative divisions: 12 districts and 2 autonomous districts*; Abidjan*, Bas-Sassandra, Comoe, Denguele, Goh-Djiboua, Lacs, Lagunes, Montagnes, Sassandra-Marahoue, Savanes, Vallee du Bandama, Woroba, Yamoussoukro*, Zanzan)

Constitution
History: Previous 1960, 2000; latest draft completed 24 September 2016, approved by the National Assembly 11 October 2016, approved by referendum 30 October 2016, promulgated 8 November 2016

Amendments: Proposed by the president of the republic or by Parliament; consideration of drafts or proposals requires an absolute majority vote by the parliamentary membership; passage of amendments affecting presidential elections, presidential term of office and vacancies, and amendment procedures requires approval by absolute majority in a referendum; passage of other proposals by the president requires at least four-fifths majority vote by Parliament; constitutional articles on the sovereignty of the state and its republican and secular form of government cannot be amended (2017)

Legal system
Civil law system based on the French civil code; judicial review of legislation held in the Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court

Citizenship
Citizenship by birth: No
Citizenship by descent only: At least one parent must be a citizen of Cote d’Ivoire
Dual citizenship recognized: No
Residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years

Legislative branch
Description: Bicameral Parliament consists of:
Note: the new constitution of November 2016 called for a bicameral Parliament with the creation of the Senate
Elections:
Senate – first ever held on 25 March 2018 (next to be held in 2023

Election results: Senate – percent by party NA; seats by party

Executive branch
Chief of state: President Alassane Dramane OUATTARA (since 4 December 2010); Vice President Daniel Kablan DUNCAN (since 16 January 2017); note – the 2016 constitution calls for the establishment of the position of vice-president

Head of government: Prime Minister Amadou Gon COULIBALY (since 11 January 2017

Cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president

Elections/appointments: President directly elected by absolute majority popular vote in 2 rounds if needed for a 5-year term (no term limits); election last held on 25 October 2015

Election results: Alassane OUATTARA reelected president; percent of vote

Judiciary Branch
Highest court(s): Supreme Court or Cour Supreme (organized into Judicial, Audit, Constitutional, and Administrative Chambers; consists of the court president, 3 vice-presidents for the Judicial, Audit, and Administrative chambers, and 9 associate justices or magistrates

Judge selection and term of office: judges nominated by the Superior Council of the Magistrature, a 7-member body consisting of the national president (chairman), 3 “bench” judges, and 3 public prosecutors; judges appointed for life

Subordinate courts: Courts of Appeal (organized into civil, criminal, and social chambers); first instance courts; peace courts
Exports commodities
Cocoa, coffee, timber, petroleum, cotton, bananas, pineapples, palm oil, fish.)

Exports partners
Netherlands 11.8%, US 7.9%, France 6.4%, Belgium 6.4%, Germany 5.8%, Burkina Faso 4.5%, India 4.4%, Mali 4.2% (2017)

Imports commodities
Fuel, capital equipment, foodstuffs

Imports partners
Nigeria 15%, France 13.4%, China 11.3%, US 4.3% (2017)

Electricity access:
Population without electricity: 15,000,000
Electrification – Total population: 26%)
Electrification – Urban areas: 42%)
Electrification – Rural areas: 8% (2013)
Electricity – production: 8,262 billion,8 kWh (2015 est.)
Electricity – consumption: 5,669 billion kWh (2015 est.)
Electricity – exports: 872 million kWh (2015 est.)
Electricity – imports: 23 million kWh (2015 EST.)
Electricity – installed generating capacity: 1.9 million kW (2015 est.)
Electricity – from fossil fuels: 66.9% of Total installed capacity (2015 est.)
Electricity – from nuclear fuels: 0% of Total installed capacity (2015 est.)
Electricity – from hydroelectric plants: 33.1% of Total installed capacity (2015 est.)
Electricity – from other renewable sources: 0% of Total installed capacity (2015 est.)

Internet users: total: 8,297,676; and percent of population: 26.5% (July 2016 EST.)

Source: CIA World Factbook

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