Overview: Central African Republic

Population
5,625,118.

Urban: 41.4% of Total Population (2018)

Population growth: 2.12% (2017 EST.)

Ethnic groups
Baya 33%, Banda 27%, Mandjia 13%, Sara 10%, Mboum 7%, M’Baka 4%, Yakoma 4%, other 2%)

Languages
French (official), Sangho (lingua franca and national language), tribal languages

Religions
Indigenous beliefs 35%, Protestant 25%, Roman Catholic 25%, Muslim 15%.

Age structure: 0-14 years: 40.09% (Male 1,133,361/Female 1,121,640); 15-24 years: 19.94% (Male 563,730/Female 557,676); 25-54 years: 32.45% (Male 913,363/Female 912,096); 55-64 years: 4.1% (Male 106,651/Female 123,839); 65 years and over: 3.43% (Male 74,834/Female 117,928) (2017 est.)

Dependency: Total dependency ratio: 90; youth dependency ratio: 83.1; elderly dependency ratio: 7

Refugees and internally displaced persons:-
IDPs: 608,028 (clashes between army and rebel groups since 2005; tensions between ethnic groups) (2018)

Area: total: 622,984 sq km; land: 622,984 sq km; water: 0 sq km

Irrigated Land: 10 sq km (2012)

Health expenditure: 4.2% of GDP (2014)

Drinking water stats
Improved: Urban: 89.6% of population; Rural: 54.4% of population; and Total: 68.5% of population

Unimproved: Urban: 10.4% of population; Rural: 45.6% of population; and Total: 31.5% of Population (2015 est.)

Education expenditure: .2% of GDP (2008)

Literacy
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 36.8%; Male: 50.7%; and female: 24.4% (2015 est.)

Unemployment youth ages % – (6.9% (2016 EST.)

Government type
Presidential republic

Administrative divisions: 14 prefectures (prefectures, singular – prefecture), 2 economic prefectures* (prefectures economiques, singular – prefecture economique), and 1 commune**; Bamingui-Bangoran, Bangui**, Basse-Kotto, Haute-Kotto, Haut-Mbomou, Kemo, Lobaye, Mambere-Kadei, Mbomou, Nana-Grebizi*, Nana-Mambere, Ombella-Mpoko, Ouaka, Ouham, Ouham-Pende, Sangha-Mbaere*, Vakaga)

Constitution:
History: Several previous; latest (interim constitution) approved by the Transitional Council 30 August 2015, adopted by referendum 13-14 December 2015, ratified 27 March 2016

Amendments: Proposals require support of the government, two-thirds of the National Council of Transition, and assent by the “Mediator of the Central African” crisis; passage requires at least three-fourths majority vote by the National Council membership; non-amendable constitutional provisions those on the secular and republican form of government, fundamental rights and freedoms, amendment procedures, or changes to the authorities of various high-level executive, parliamentary, and judicial officials (2017)

Legal system
Civil law system based on the French model

Citizenship
Citizenship by birth: No
Citizenship by descent only: At least one parent must be a citizen of the Central African Republic
Dual citizenship recognized: Yes
Residency requirement for naturalization: 35 years

Legislative branch:
Description: unicameral National Assembly or Assemble Nationale (140 seats; members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by absolute majority vote with a second round if needed; members serve 5-year terms

Elections: Last held 30 December 2015 (results annulled), 14 February 2016 – first round and 31 March 2016 – second round (next to be held in 2021)

Elections: Under the 2015 constitution, the president is elected by universal direct suffrage for a period of 5 years (eligible for a second term); election last held 30 December 2015 with a runoff 20 February 2016 (next to be held in 2020)

Election results: Faustin-Archange TOUADERA elected president in the second round; percent of vote in first round

Executive branch
Chief of state: President Faustin-Archange TOUADERA (since 30 March 2016

Head of government: Prime Minister Simplice SARANDJI (since 2 April 2016

Cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president

Elections/appointments: Under the 2015 constitution, the president is elected by universal direct suffrage for a period of 5 years (eligible for a second term); election last held 30 December 2015 with a runoff 20 February 2016 (next to be held in 2020

Election results: Faustin-Archange TOUADERA elected president in the second round; percent of vote in first round

Judiciary Branch
Highest court(s): Supreme Court or Cour Supreme (consists of NA judges); Constitutional Court (consists of 9 judges, at least 3 of whom are women

Judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court judges appointed by the president; Constitutional Court judge appointments – 2 by the president, 1 by the speaker of the National Assembly, 2 elected by their peers, 2 are advocates elected by their peers, and 2 are law professors elected by their peers; judges serve 7-year non-renewable terms

Subordinate courts: High courts; magistrates’ courts

Exports commodities
Diamonds, timber, cotton, coffee)

Exports partners
France 31.2%, Burundi 16.2%, China 12.5%, Cameroon 9.6%, Austria 7.8% (2017)

Imports commodities
Food, textiles, petroleum products, machinery, electrical equipment, motor vehicles, chemicals, pharmaceuticals)

Imports partners
France 17.1%, US 12.3%, India 11.5%, China 8.2%, South Africa 7.4%, Japan 5.8%, Italy 5.1%, Cameroon 4.9%, Netherlands 4.6% (2017)

Electricity access:
Population without electricity: 4,500,000
Electrification – Total population: 3%)
Electrification – Urban areas: 5%)
Electrification – Rural areas: 1% (2013)
Electricity – production: 174 million kWh (2015 est.)
Electricity – consumption: 161.8 million kWh (2015 est.)
Electricity – exports: 0 kWh (2015 est.)
Electricity – imports: 0kWh (2015 EST.)
Electricity – installed generating capacity: 44,000 kW (2015 est.)
Electricity – from fossil fuels: 43.2% of Total installed capacity (2015 est.)
Electricity – from nuclear fuels: 0% of Total installed capacity (2015 est.)
Electricity – from hydroelectric plants: 56.8% of Total installed capacity (2015 est.)
Electricity – from other renewable sources: 0% of Total installed capacity (2015 est.)

Internet users: Total: 246,000; and percent of population: 4.6% (July 2016 EST.)

Source: CIA World Factbook

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