Overview: Burkina Faso

Population
20,107,509

Urban: 29.4% of Total population (2018)

Population growth
3% (2017 EST.)

Ethnic groups
Mossi 52%, Fulani 8.4%, Gurma 7%, Bobo 4.9%, Gurunsi 4.6%, Senufo 4.5%, Bissa 3.7%, Lobi 2.4%, Dagara 2.4%, Tuareg/Bella 1.9%, Dioula 0.8%, unspecified/no answer 0.3%, other 7.2% (2010 est.)

Languages
French (official), native African languages belonging to Sudanic family spoken by 90% of the population3

Religions
Muslim 61.5%, Roman Catholic 23.3%, traditional/animist 7.8%, Protestant 6.5%, other/no answer 0.2%, none 0.7% (2010 est.)

Age structure: 0-14 years: 44.88% (male 4,519,960/female 4,503,937); 15-24 years: 20.07% (male 2,024,501/female 2,012,053); 25-54 years: 29.42% (male 2,999,941/female 2,915,264); 55-64 years: 3.2% (male 284,374/female 359,159); 65 years and over: 2.43% (male 181,996/female 306,324) (2017 est.)

Dependency: Total dependency ratio: 92.2; youth dependency ratio: 87.6; elderly dependency ratio: 4.6; and potential support ratio: 21.6 (2015 est.)

Physician’s density: 0.05 physicians/1,000 population (2012)

Health expenditure
5% of GDP (2014)

Drinking water stats:

Improved: Urban: 97.5% of population; Rural: 75.8% of population; and Total: 82.3% of population

Unimproved: Urban: 2.5% of population; Rural: 24.2% of population; and Total: 17.7% of population (2015 EST.)

Education expenditure
4.2% of GDP (2008)

Literacy
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 36%; Male: 43%; and female: 29.3% (2015 EST.)

Unemployment youth ages: Total: 8.7%; Male: 5.31%; and female: 12.6%

Government type
Presidential republic

Administrative divisions
13 regions; Boucle du Mouhoun, Cascades, Centre, Centre-Est, Centre-Nord, Centre-Ouest, Centre-Sud, Est, Hauts-Bassins, Nord, Plateau-Central, Sahel, Sud-Ouest

Constitution
History: Several previous; latest approved by referendum 2 June 1991, adopted 11 June 1991, temporarily suspended late October to mid-November 2014

Amendments: Proposed by the president, by a majority of National Assembly membership, or by petition of at least 30,000 eligible voters submitted to the Assembly; passage requires at least three-fourths majority vote in the Assembly; failure to meet that threshold requires majority voter approval in a referendum; constitutional provisions on the form of government, the multiparty system, and national sovereignty cannot be amended; amended several times, last in 2012 (2017)

Legal system
Civil law based on the French model and customary law

Citizenship
Citizenship by birth: No
Citizenship by descent only: At least one parent must be a citizen of Burkina Faso
Dual citizenship recognized: Yes
Residency requirement for naturalization: 10 years

Legislative branch
Description: Unicameral National Assembly (127 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote to serve 5-year terms

Elections: Last held on 29 November 2015 (next to be held in 2020

Election results: Percent of vote by party – NA; seats by party – MPP 55, UPC 33, CDP 18, Union for Rebirth-Sankarist Party 5, ADF/RDA 3, NTD 3, other 10

Executive branch
Chief of state President Roch Marc Christian KABORE (since 29 December 2015)

Head of government: Prime Minister Paul Kaba THIEBA (since 6 January 2016)

Cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister

Elections/appointments: President elected by absolute majority popular vote in 2 rounds if needed for a 5-year term (eligible for a second); election last held on 29 November 2015 (next to be held November 2020); prime minister appointed by the president with consent of the National Assembly

Election results: Roch Marc Christian KABORE elected president in first round; percent of vote

Judiciary Branch
Highest court(s): Supreme Court of Appeals or Cour de Cassation (consists of NA judges); Council of State (consists of NA judges); Constitutional Council or Conseil Constitutionnel (consists of the council president and 9 members

Judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court judge appointments mostly controlled by the president of Burkina Faso; judges have no term limits; Council of State judge appointment and tenure NA; Constitutional Council judges appointed by the president of Burkina Faso upon the proposal of the minister of justice and the president of the National Assembly; judges appointed for 9-year terms with one-third of membership renewed every 3 years

Subordinate courts: Appeals Court; High Court; first instance tribunals; district courts; specialized courts relating to issues of labor, children, and juveniles; village (customary) courts
Exports Commodities (Gold, cotton, livestock

Exports partners (Switzerland 44.9%, India 15.6%, South Africa 11.3%, Cote devoir 4.9% (2017)

Imports Commodities (capital goods, foodstuffs, Petroleum

Imports partners (China 13.2%, Cote devoir 9.5%, US 8.2%, Thailand 8.1%, France 6.5%, Ghana 4.4%, Togo 4.4%, India 4.3% (2017)

Electricity access:
Population without electricity: 14,100,000
Electrification – Total population: 17%)
Electrification – urban areas: 56%)
Electrification – rural areas: 1% (2013)
Electricity – production: 944 million kWh (2015 est.)
Electricity – consumption: 1.321 billion kWh (2015 est.)
Electricity – exports: 0 kWh (2016 est.)
Electricity – imports: 443 million kWh (2015 est.)
Electricity – installed generating capacity: 306,000 kW (2015 est.)
Electricity – from fossil fuels: 86.9% of Total installed capacity (2015 est.)
Electricity – from nuclear fuels: 0% of Total installed capacity (2015 est.)
Electricity – from hydroelectric plants: 10.5% of Total installed capacity (2015 est.)
Electricity – from other renewable sources: 3.3% of Total installed capacity (2015 est.)

Internet users: Total: 27,23,950; Percent of population: 14% (July 2016 EST.)

Source: CIA World Factbook

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