Overview: Benin

Population
11,038,805

Urban: 47.3% of Total population (2018)

Ethnic groups
Fon and related 38.4%, Adja and related 15.1%, Yoruba and related 12%, Bariba and related 9.6%, Fulani and related 8.6%, Ottamari and related 6.1%, Yoa-Lokpa and related 4.3%, Dendi and related 2.9%, other 0.9%, foreigner 1.9% (2013 est.)

Languages
French (official), Fon and Yoruba (most common vernaculars in south), tribal languages (at least six major ones in north

Religions
Muslim 27.7%, Roman Catholic 25.5%, Protestant 13.5% (Celestial 6.7%, Methodist 3.4%, other Protestant 3.4%), Vodoun 11.6%, other Christian 9.5%, other traditional religions 2.6%, other 2.6%, none 5.8% (2013 EST.).
Age structure: 0-14 years: 42.65% (male 2,402,029/female 2,305,622); 15-24 years:20.44% (male 1,148,204/female 1,108,342); 25-54 years:30.44% (male 1,699,623/female 1,660,517); 55-64 years: 3.61% (male 124,708/female 191,729); 65 years and over: 2.87% (male 124,708/female 191,729) (2017 est.)

Dependency: Total dependency ratio: 86.1; youth dependency ratio: 80.1; elderly dependency ratio: 6; and potential support ratio: 16.6 (2015 EST)

Refugees and internally displaced persons- N/A

Area: Total: 112,622 sq km; land: 110.622 sq km; water: 2,000 sq km

Irrigated land: 230 sq km (2012)

Health expenditure
4.6% of GDP (2014)

Drinking water stats:

Improved: Urban: 85.2% of population; Rural: 72.1% of population; and Total: 77.9% of population
Unimproved: Urban: 14.8% of population; Rural: 27.9% of population; and Total: 22.1% of population (2015 EST.)

Education expenditure
4.4% of GDP (2015)

Literacy
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 38.4%; Male: 49.9%; and female: 27.3% (2015 EST.)

Unemployment youth ages (15-24) (Total: 5.6%; Male: 5.2%; and female: 5.9% (2011 est.)

Government type
Presidential republic

Administrative divisions
12 departments; Alibori, Atacora, Atlantique, Borgou, Collines, Couffo, Donga, Littoral, Mono, Oueme, Plateau, Zou

Constitution
History: Previous 1946, 1958 (Pre-independence); latest adopted by referendum 2 December 1990, promulgated 11 December 1990

Amendments: Proposed concurrently by the president of the Republic (after a decision in the Council of Ministers) and the National Assembly; consideration of drafts or proposals requires at least three-fourths majority vote of the Assembly membership; passage requires approval in a referendum unless approved by at least four-fifths majority vote of the Assembly membership; constitutional articles affecting territorial sovereignty, the republican form of government, and secularity of Benin cannot be amended (2017)

Legal system
Civil law system modeled largely on the French system and some customary law

Citizenship
Citizenship by birth: No
Citizenship by descent only: At least one parent must be a citizen of Benin
Dual citizenship recognized: YES
Residency requirement for naturalization: 10 years

Legislative branch
Description: Unicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale
83 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote; members serve 4-year terms

Elections: Last held on 26 April 2015 (next to be held in April 2019

Election results: Percent of vote by party – FCBE 30.2%, UN 14.4%, PRD 10.6%, AND 7.6%, RB-RP 7.1%, other 30.1%; seats by party – FCBE 33, UN 13, PRD 10, RB-RP 7, AND 5, other 15
Executive branch
Chief of state: President Patrice TALON (since 6 April 2016)

Head of government: President Patrice TALON (since 6 April 2016)

Cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president

Elections/appointments: President directly elected by absolute majority popular vote in 2 rounds if needed for a 5-year term (eligible for a second term); last held on 6 March and 20 March 2016 (next to be held in 2021

Judiciary Branch
Highest court(s): Supreme Court or Cour Supreme (consists of the court president and 3 chamber presidents organized into an administrative division, judicial chamber, and chamber of accounts); Constitutional Court or Cour Constitutionnelle (consists of 7 members including the court president);

Judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court president and judges appointed by the national president upon the advice of the National Assembly; judges appointed for single renewable 5-year terms; Constitutional Court members – 4 appointed by the National Assembly and 3 by the national president; members appointed for single renewable 5-year terms; High Court of Justice “other” members elected by the National Assembly; and member tenure NA

Subordinate courts: Court of Appeal or Cour d’Appel; district courts; village courts; Assize courts

Exports commodities
Cotton, cashews, shea butter, textiles, palm products, seafood

Exports partners
Bangladesh 18.1%, India 10.7%, Ukraine 9%, Niger 8.1%, China 7.7%, Nigeria 7.2%, Turkey 4% (2017)

Imports commodities
Foodstuffs, capital goods, petroleum products)

Imports partners
Thailand 18.1%, India 15.9%, France 8.5%, China 7.5%, Togo 5.9%, Netherlands 4.3%, Belgium 4.3% (2017)

Electricity access:
Population without electricity: 7,300,000
Electrification – Total population: 29%)
Electrification – urban areas: 57%)
Electrification – rural areas: 9% (2013)
Electricity – production: 311.6 million kWh (2015 est.)
Electricity – consumption: 1.121 billion kWh (2015 est.)
Electricity – exports: 0 kWh (2016 est.)
Electricity – imports: 1.078 billion kWh (2015 est.)
Electricity – installed generating capacity: 213,000 kW (2015 est.)
Electricity – from fossil fuels: 97.2% of Total installed capacity (2015 est.)
Electricity – from nuclear fuels: 0% of Total installed capacity (2015 est.)
Electricity – from hydroelectric plants: .05% of Total installed capacity (2015 est.)
Electricity – from other renewable sources: 2.3% of Total installed capacity (2015 est.)

Internet users: Total: 1,288,336; Percent of population: 12.0% (July 2016 est.)

Source: CIA World Factbook

%d bloggers like this: